Today In History
Here is what happened
on Wednesday - March 21st...
History, n. One darn thing after another.
Famous People Born On This Day In History...
|1685||Johann Sebastian Bach, classic Baroque composer.
Today, this person is/would be 333 years old.
|1768||Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier, mathematician and Egyptologist.
Today, this person is/would be 250 years old.
|1869||Florenz Ziegfeld, of Follies fame.
Today, this person is/would be 149 years old.
|1936||Ed Broadbent, university professor and one-time leader of Canada’s social democratic party, The New Democratic Party, in Oshawa, Ontario.
Today, this person is/would be 82 years old.
|1962||Rosie O’Donnell, actress, comedian.
Today, this person is/would be 56 years old.
|1962||Matthew Broderick, actor, Ferris Beuller’s Day Off, Torch Song Trilogy.
Today, this person is/would be 56 years old.
Events On This Day In History...
| 47||BCE. Julius Caesar defeats Ptolemy XII, Cleopatra’s brother and rival, at Alexandria, Egypt, thus restoring Cleopatra to the throne.|
| 717||Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.|
|1188||Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku.|
|1413||Henry V becomes King of England.|
|1556||In Oxford, England, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer, on trial for heresy, declares: "And as for the Pope, I refuse him, as Christ’s enemy and Antichrist, with all his false doctrine." Cranmer is promptly burned at the stake.|
|1666||Quebec Intendant Jean Talon starts a census of New France (Quebec) and counts 3,000 persons (of European descent--indigenous peoples weren’t counted) in what became the first official census in Canada.|
|1788||A fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans and leaves most of the town in ruins.|
|1800||With the church leadership driven out of Rome during an armed conflict, Pius VII is crowned Pope in Venice with a temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.|
|1801||The Battle of Alexandria was fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.|
|1804||Code Napoléon is adopted as French civil law.|
|1891||A Hatfield marries a McCoy, thus ending the long and legendary hillbilly feud in West Virginia. |
|1821||First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.|
|1844||The Bahá’í calendar begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá’í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá’í Faith as the Bahá’í New Year or Náw-Rúz.|
|1844||The original date predicted by William Miller for the return of Christ. (We’re still waiting, Willy.).|
|1849||The Norwegian city of Hamar is reestablished by royal decree.|
|1857||Earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.|
|1871||Otto von Bismarck is appointed Chancellor of the German Empire.|
|1871||Journalist Henry Morton Stanley began his trek to find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone who was lost in Africa.|
|1912||Andrew Archibald Macdonald, a father of Canadian confederation, dies at age 83. He was the youngest delegate at the 1864 Charlottetown conference which led to the formation of Canada in 1867.|
|1919||The Chinese High School is established in Singapore by Tan Kah Kee.|
|1933||Dachau, the first Nazi Germany concentration camp, is completed.|
|1935||Shah Reza Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran, which means ’Land of the Aryans’.|
|1940||Paul Reynaud becomes Prime Minister of France.|
|1943||Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.|
|1945||World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.|
|1960||Apartheid: Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.|
|1963||Alcatraz, a federal penitentiary on an island in San Francisco Bay, closes. It is today a tourist destination.|
|1965||Martin Luther King Jr leads 3,200 people on the start of the third and finally successful civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.|
|1968||Battle of Karameh in Jordan between Israeli Defense Forces and Fatah.|
|1970||The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto.|
|1980||US President Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.|
|1980||On the season finale of the soap opera Dallas, the infamous character J.R. Ewing is shot by an unseen assailant, leading to the catchphrase "Who Shot JR?"|
|1985||Canadian paraplegic athlete and humanitarian Rick Hansen begins his circumnavigation in a wheelchair in the name of spinal cord injury medical research.|
|1989||Sports Illustrated reports allegations that tie baseball player Pete Rose to baseball gambling.|
|1990||Namibia, formerly Southwest Africa, becomes independent after 75 years of South African rule.|
|1999||Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.|
|2002||In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.|
|2004||In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority.|
|2005||In Red Lake, Minnesota, 10 are killed in a school shooting, the worst since the Columbine High School massacre.|
And Don't Forget...
| ||The start of the Persian New Year. |