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Today In History

Here is what happened
on Tuesday - July 25th...

History,  n.  One darn thing after another.

      Famous People Born On This Day In History...

1907Jack Gilford
      Today, this person is/would be 110 years old.
1955IMAN, model.
      Today, this person is/would be 62 years old.
1967Matt LeBlanc, actor "FRIENDS".
      Today, this person is/would be 50 years old.
1978Louise Brown, first test-tube baby (born under the sign of Pyrex.)
      Today, this person is/would be 39 years old.

      Events On This Day In History...

306Constantine I is proclaimed Roman emperor by his troops.
864Edict of Pistres of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings.
1215Frederick II, called Stupor Munci (The Amazement of the World), is crowned Holy Roman Emperoror at Aix-la-Chapelle.
1261The city of Constantinople is recaptured by Nicaean forces under the command of Michael VIII Palaeologus, thus re-establishing the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines also succeed in capturing Thessalonica and the rest of the Latin Empire.
1536Sebastián de Belalcázar on his search for the legendary city of El Dorado instead establishes the City of Santiago de Cali.
1547King Henry II of France crowned.
1567Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, modern-day Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela.
1593Henry IV of France publicly converts from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism. France still hasn't recovered from that one.
1603James VI of Scotland is crowned first king of Great Britain.
1693Ignacio de Maya founds the Real Santiago de las Sabinas, actual Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León, México.
1755Following the decision to deport the Acadians in Halifax, Nova Scotia, thousands of Acadians are sent to the British Colonies in America, France and England. Others went to Louisiana where their decendents today are called Cajuns.
1758Seven Years War: The island battery at Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken.
1759French and Indian War: In Western New York, British forces capture Fort Niagara from French, who subsequently abandon Fort Rouillé.
1797Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife Island (Spain).
1799At Aboukir in Egypt, Napoleon I of France defeats 10,000 Ottomans under Mustafa Pasha.
1814War of 1812: Battle of Lundy's Lane Reinforcements arrive near Niagara Falls for General Riall's British and Canadian force, and bloody, all-night battle with Jacob Brown's Americans commences at 18.00. Eventually the Americans retreat to Fort Erie.
1824Guanacaste annexes Costa Rica from Nicaragua.
1853Joaquin Murietta, a famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.
1861American Civil War: The Crittenden-Johnson Resolution is passed by the U.S. Congress stating that the war is being fought to preserve the Union and not to end slavery.
1866The U.S. Congress passes legislation authorizing the rank of General of the Army (now called "5-star general") Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first to have this rank. Whether or not Grant was sober enough to realize what had happened is not recorded.
1868Wyoming becomes a United States territory.
1869The Japanese daimyo- begin returning their land holdings to the emperor as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese Date: June 17, 1869)
1894The First Sino-Japanese War begins when the Japanese fire upon a Chinese warship.
1897Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories.
1898The United States invasion of Puerto Rico begins with U.S. troops landing at harbor of Guánica, Puerto Rico.
1903Castle on top of Telegraph Hill in San Francisco closes.
1907Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan.
1908Ajinomoto is born. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers that a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG) and patents a process for manufacturing it.
1909Louis Blériot makes the first airplane flight across the English Channel (Calais to Dover in 37 minutes).
1917Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%). FWIW Canadians are still paying this "temporary" tax to this day. Makes you wonder what a permanent tax might look like.
1920Telecommunications: first transatlantic two-way radio broadcast.
1934The Nazis assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt.
1940General Guisan orders the Swiss Army to resist German invasion and make surrender illegal.
1943World War II: Benito Mussolini is forced out of office by his own Italian Grand Council and is replaced by Pietro Badoglio.
1944World War II: Operation Spring One of the bloodiest days for Canadians during the war: 18,444 casualties, including 5,021 killed.
1946Operation Crossroads: An atomic bomb is detonated underwater in the lagoon of Bikini atoll.
1946And on the same day a different kind of bikini is in the news as the first bikini swimwear for women is shown at a Paris fashion show.
1952The U.S. territory of Puerto Rico adopts a constitution approved by the US Congress, thus enshrining the Puerto Rico colonial status in the US.
1953The animated cartoon Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century is released, prehaps the most famous Merrie Melodies cartoon starring Duck Dodgers, Porky Pig, and Marvin The Martain.
195645 miles south of Nantucket Island, the Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria sinks after colliding with the SS Stockholm in heavy fog, killing 51.
1965Newport Folk Festival: Bob Dylan goes electric and enrages his folkie fans.
1969Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This was the start of the "Vietnamization" of the war.
1983The lowest temperature ever recorded is noted, -89.4°C (-129°F) degrees in Antarctica. Ice cream is much warmer, but not your inlaws.
1984Salyut 7 Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a space walk.
1990Comedian Roseanne Barr grabs her crotch and spits on the ground when performing the "Star-Spangled Banner" at a San Diego Padres baseball game.
1993Israel launches a massive attack against Lebanon in what the Israelis call Operation Accountability and the Lebanese call Seven-Day War.
1994Israel and Jordan sign the Washington Declaration which formally ends the state of war that has existed between the nations since 1948.
1997K.R. Narayanan is sworn-in as India's 10th president and the first member of the Dalit cast— formerly called "untouchable"— to hold this office.
1999Lance Armstrong wins his first Tour de France bicycle race.
2000An Air France Concorde jet crashes minutes after take-off outside Paris killing 113. It is the first and only crash in the history of the supersonic jet which is later retired from service (for being too expensive to run).

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